Alliance dating ukraine
Ukraine was part of Russia for centuries and the two continued to be closely aligned through the Soviet period, when Ukraine and Russia were separate republics.Ukraine is also an economic partner that Russia would like to incorporate into its proposed Eurasian Union, a customs union due to be formed in January 2015 whose likely members include Kazakhstan, Belarus, and Armenia.Yanukovich and then Russian president Dimitry Medvedev signed an agreement in 2010 that extended Russia’s lease of Sevastopol until 2042 in exchange for a 30 percent drop in the price of natural gas sold to Ukraine. officials have repeatedly expressed their desire to see Ukraine become a stable democracy with firm economic and political connections to the European Union.Russia has eleven thousand forces stationed in Crimea, which were reportedly joined by five thousand Russian troops since the ouster of Yanukovich, although Russians officials have denied this. In response to the developments in Crimea, the preferred outcome for Washington and many states, says CFR President Richard Haass, “is to see the Russians be persuaded to leave Crimea in exchange, say, for some participation in an economic package and some protection for Russian speakers.” EU and U. Yanukovich continued talks with the European Union on a trade association agreement, which he signaled he would sign in late 2013.(Tymoshenko’s release was one of the conditions set by the EU for the trade association agreement.) But, under pressure from Russia, he dropped those plans, citing concerns about damage to Ukrainian industry by European competition.After the ouster of President Viktor Yanukovich in Feburary 2014, Russian moves to take control of the Crimean Peninsula signaled Moscow’s intent to retain its sphere of influence and raised serious questions about the ability of the state’s new leaders to provide stability and a path to meaningful reforms. The country of forty-five million people has struggled with its identity since it gained independence with the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.
Since the ouster of Yanukovich in February 2014, Crimea’s parliament has asserted greater autonomy and voted for a March 16 referendum to decide whether Crimea should become part of Russia or remain a part of Ukraine, but with enhanced local powers.Yanukovich’s subsequent ouster sowed new divisions between the eastern and western halves of the country, though a new group of transitional leaders promised to form a national unity government and hold elections on May 25, 2014.Concerns are mounting about separatism in Crimea and eastern Ukraine, as well as the potential for conflict between Ukrainian and Russian forces on the peninsula, which could spur further clashes elsewhere in Ukraine. Russia has strong fraternal ties with Ukraine dating back to the ninth century and the founding of Kievan Rus, the first eastern Slavic state, whose capital was Kiev.The EU’s Eastern Partnership Program, established in 2009, is aimed at forging tighter bonds with six former Eastern bloc countries.Russia sees it as a stepping-stone to organizations such as NATO, whose expansion eastward is regarded by Russia’s security establishment as a threat.